Estació del Nord
In 2011 Barcelona had a population of 1.615.448 and including its metropolitan area reached 5.029.181. The “Estació del Nord”, whose official name was “Barcelona-Nord”, was an old railway station. Nowadays, it is the most important bus station in the city, in both volume of passengers –around 7 millions per year- and number of national and international routes.
The station was built in 1961 providing rail services for a century. In 1972 the local authorities decided to close it. All the railway lines were transferred to the “Estació de França”, known as “Barcelona Término”. The “Estació del Nord” fell into disuse until 1983, when the City Council bought it to RENFE (National Railway Network). Its purpose was to transform the building into a national/international bus station. Works were carried out but only a small area of the station was involved. The rest of the building was in a clear state of abandonment and decay until the Committee for the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games announced that the station would become an Olympic sight of table tennis competitions. A Sports Center was built and continues today as a facility to the general public. At the same time, a local Police Station (Guardia Urbana) was established in the building and a new green area was created next to the terminal, the “Estació del Nord” Park. In 2008 the construction of an intermodal transportation hub between the “Estació del Nord” and the Metro and Railways “Arc del Triomf” Stations got underway.
It is worth noting that the station is in a truly privileged location between 3 districts, out of a total of 10 in Barcelona, that include many neighborhoods. North of the station is the “Eixample” District (“Fort Pienc” Neighborhood). The “Sant Martí” District (“Glòries – El Parc” Neighborhood) is at the southern edge up to the sea, largely influenced by the “Estació del Nord” Park. At the west lies the “Ciutat Vella” District (“Sant Pere, Santa Caterina i El Born” Neighborhood), next to the Lluís Companys Avenue.